Genre study is regarded as an approach that is structural in nature to theories of culture, film, and literature. Genre studies entail various types of genres such as fantasy, historical fiction, traditional literature, biography, science fiction, poetry, realistic fiction, as well as informational texts. Traditional literature as one of the genres studied in schools deals majorly with stories that were written and told at an earlier period. Traditional literature mainly covers poems, various story types, riddles, and proverbs from across diverse cultural backgrounds.
Traditional literature tends to come in a variety of forms, which include legends, myths, fables, trickster tales, fairy tales, heroic or epic tales, riddles, proverbs, cumulative tales, and pourqoui tales, among others. Traditional literature genre is also known as the Folklore tales. The essay below seeks to analyze five novels that fall in the traditional literature genre basing on the evaluation criteria of traditional literature. The novels include The Brave Little Tailor, The Goose Girl, The Wise Little Girl, The Bearer of Black Staff, and Yesterday Goddess (Galda etal. 107).
The Brave Little Tailor is a novel covered in a fairy tale sub-genre in the larger traditional literature genre. Based on the evaluation criteria of analyzing traditional literature, the structure of the story in this particular novel is a full depiction of a fairy tale. The story is characterized by dreamlike possibilities, which is one of the characteristics that define fairy tales. When the tailor managed to kill not more than seven flies that had surrounded his piece of bread, he thought that the whole world would recognize him as a brave person. He even went ahead making a banner of himself indicating how brave he was for having killed seven flies expecting the whole town to notice that (Grimm and Jacob 43). In the real world, it is quite impossible to kill seven flies at a go, because they are sensitive insects, which fly fast. This occurrence can only take place in a fairy tale.
Still on the dreamlike possibilities, squeezing liquid from a stone and throwing a stone up beyond visibility is an indication that this is a fairy tale novel. When the tailor met the giant on the mountain, and the giant noticed the banner round the tailor’s body, he dared the tailor to squeeze liquid from a stone and throw a stone up beyond visibility. In the real world situation, it is impossible for an individual to perform such tasks. Since the giant felt that only the brave could perform such tasks, he believed that the tailor would probably do that as well. The tailor knew that it was a dream to do that so he fooled the giant by squeezing liquid from the butter that was in his pocket and releasing a bird to fly up the sky in form of a stone (Grimm, Wilhelm and Arthur 48).
The character in the novel is a total reflection of a fairy tale. For instance, the simple character had strong traits of bravery, and he faced great oppositions from various characters of the novel. The simple character of the novel was a tailor who was extremely brave because of the activities he performed in the story. Despite his brevity, the tailor faced opposition from the giants, and the king but he was able to conquer all of them. From the evaluation criteria of fairy tales, they involve a major simple character who possesses a strong trait, and this particular character faces oppositions from other characters in the story (Grimm, Wilhelm and Arthur 45).
Use of enchant forces and magical powers were applied in the novel, which is an indication of a fairy tale. The ability of the giant throwing up a stone beyond any visibility, squeezing liquid from a stone, and carrying the trunk of a fallen oak tree on his shoulders involved the use of magical powers.
It is only in the fairy tales that such can take place, but not in the real world. The tailor was not able to perform these tasks because he lacked the magical powers and enchant forces. This analysis of the story is based on plot of fairy tales as the criteria of evaluation. In fairy tales, the plot normally entails enchanted forces and application of magical interventions (Grimm, Wilhelm and Arthur 56).
The setting of this story is a clear indication that it falls under fairy tales. Majority of the happenings in the story took place in the forest, caves, and mountains, which is a setting element of fairy tales. The tailor met the giant on a mountain where he was challenged by the giant to perform some impossible tasks. The author also indicates that the giant led the tailor to a cave where other giants were staying so that he could spend the night with them. Other happenings of the novel took place in the forest such like fighting with giants, and capturing the bird as the tailor was directed by the king.
Fairy tales always have successful conclusions in which the hero is rewarded and the evil one loses all that he possesses. In the Brave Little Tailor, the tailor ended up being rewarded because of his bravery deeds, while the king lost. From just a tailor, the tailor ended up being the king of the territory, replacing the reigning king.
In conclusion, traditional literature as a form of genre that educates children tends to improve their literature skills. As discussed in the essay above, traditional literature genre is also known as folklore stories. It is divided into a number of subgenres including proverbs, folktales, riddles, legends, myths, epic stories, and tall tales, among others. In educating children issues concerning literature, it is of great importance for the teachers to incorporate the application of traditional literature genre. They can accomplish this by having storytelling sessions, and storybook reading sessions during their literature classes.